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Prescription opioid analgesics are used to treat pain from surgery, injury, and health conditions such as cancer. Opioid dependence and opioid-related deaths are growing public health problems.
Opioid analgesic sales in kilograms per 10, quadrupled from to 1and from toopioid-related deaths permore than tripled 2. This report provides updated estimates and trends in prescription opioid analgesic use among adults aged 20 and over, overall and by selected subgroups. A significant increase in the use of opioid analgesics was observed between — and —, from 5.
Since —, the percentage of adults using opioid analgesics has remained stable. Trend in prescription opioid analgesic use in the past 30 days among adults aged 20 and over: The percentage who used only a hhs opioid in the past 30 days declined from Trends in the use of different strength opioid analgesics among adults aged 20 and over who used opioids in the past 30 days: Respondents who reported using two or more opioid analgesics of different strengths were categorized based on the strongest opioid dta reported.
The rate of opioid analgesic use was higher among older adults 8. The use of opioid analgesics was higher among women 7.
Prescription Opioid Analgesic Use Among Adults: United States, 1999–2012
No significant difference in use was observed between non-Hispanic white 7. However, use of opioid analgesics was lower among Hispanic adults 4.
Prescription opioid analgesic use in the past 30 days among adults aged 20 and over, by age, sex, and race and Hispanic origin: Men aged 20—39 were less likely to use opioid analgesics 4. Women aged 20—39 also were less likely 5. Women aged 60 and over were more likely to use opioids 8. For the other age groups, no significant differences in the use of opioids were observed between men and women.
Prescription opioid analgesic use in the past 30 days among adults aged 20 and over, by sex and age: United States, — 1 Significantly higher than men aged 20— Non-Hispanic white men were more likely to use opioid analgesics 7. Non-Hispanic black men were more likely to use opioid analgesics than Hispanic men. Non-Hispanic white women were more likely to use opioid analgesics 7. No significant difference in the use of opioid analgesics was observed between non-Hispanic white 7.
Hispanic women were more likely to use opioid analgesics 5.
For the other race and Hispanic origin groups, no significant differences were observed between men and women. Prescription opioid analgesic use in the past 30 days among adults aged 20 and over, by sex and race and Hispanic origin: Estimates were age-adjusted by the direct method to the U.
The percentage of adults aged 20 and over who used a prescription opioid analgesic in the past 30 days significantly increased from 5.
Together with findings from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey —these findings indicate ncgs the use of opioid analgesics among U. Among adults who used opioids during —, the percentage of adults who used only a weaker-than-morphine opioid analgesic declined from Use of opioid analgesics varied significantly among population subgroups.
Older adults aged 40—59 and 60 and over were more likely to use opioid analgesics than adults aged 20— Women were more likely to use opioid analgesics than men, and non-Hispanic white adults were more likely to use opioid analgesics than Hispanic adults. There was no significant difference in the use of opioid analgesics between non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black adults. Women aged 60 and over were more likely to use opioid analgesics than men aged 60 and over. Survey participants were asked if they had cdx a prescription medication in the past 30 days.
Information on dosage tov not collected.
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Information on whether the medication had been prescribed to hud06 respondent was not collected. Respondents were not asked whether they used the medication for the prescribed use or for nonmedical reasons.
Opioid analgesics were identified using the Multum ingredient category codes 60 narcotic analgesics and narcotic analgesic combinations. Two drugs, buprenorphine primarily used to treat opioid addiction and opium typically not prescribed for painwere excluded. These categories included a small number of opioid drugs typically used for cough and colds rather than pain. Nine opioid analgesics with the ingredient category code 59 miscellaneous analgesics were also included.
Hjs06 opioid analgesics were categorized based on their strength relative to morphine 7. Respondents who reported using two or more opioid analgesics of different strengths were categorized based on the strongest opioid analgesic they used.
Includes codeine, dihydrocodeine, meperidine, pentazocine, propoxyphene, and tramadol. Includes hydrocodone, morphine, and tapentadol. Includes fentanyl, hydromorphone, methadone, oxycodone, and oxymorphone. NHANES is a cross-sectional survey designed to mchs the health and nutritional status of the civilian noninstitutionalized U.
The hys06 most recent cycles —, —, and — were used to examine the use of opioid analgesics among population subgroups. A complex, multistage probability sampling design was used to generate a representative sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized U. Interview sample weights, accounting for the differential probabilities of selection, nonresponse, and noncoverage, were used for analyses. Variance estimates accounted for the complex survey design using Taylor series linearization.
Estimates for the race and Hispanic origin subpopulations cdv age-adjusted by the direct method to the U. For all tests, a significance level of 0. All differences reported are statistically significant unless otherwise indicated. Statistical analyses were conducted using the SVY commands in Stata Frenk and Kathryn S.
Prescription opioid analgesic use among adults: NCHS data brief, no National Center for Health Statistics. All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.
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On This Page Key findings During —, what percentage of adults used a prescription opioid ncsh Has the percentage changed since —? Among adults who used a prescription opioid analgesic during —, what percentages used opioids weaker than, equivalent to, or stronger than morphine? Have these rates changed since —? Did prescription opioid analgesic use vary by population subgroup?
Did use of prescription opioid analgesics vary by age among men and women? Did use of prescription opioid analgesics vary by race and Hispanic origin among men and women? February 25, Page last updated: February 25, Content source: