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Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller German: During the last seventeen years of his life —Schiller struck up a productive, freuund complicated, friendship with the already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. They frequently discussed issues concerning aestheticsand Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches.

This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism. They also worked together on Xeniena collection of short satirical poems in which both Schiller and Goethe challenge opponents of their philosophical vision. They also had five daughters, including Christophinethe eldest.

Schiller grew up in a very religious family and spent much of his youth studying the Bible, which would later influence his writing for the theatre. He was named after king Frederick the Greatbut he was called Fritz by nearly everyone.

Das Feuerschiff; Erzählungen

His wife and rfgierung also visited him occasionally wherever he happened to be stationed. The family moved with him. Due to the high cost of living—especially the rent—the family moved to the nearby town of Lorch. Although the family was happy in Lorch, Schiller’s father found his work unsatisfying.

He sometimes took his son with him. The quality of the lessons was fairly bad, and Friedrich regularly cut class with his older sister. As a boy, Schiller was siegfroed by the regierunt of becoming a cleric and often put on black robes and pretended to preach.

Schiller’s father had not been paid for three years, and the family had been living on their savings but could no longer afford to do so. Fer Kaspar Schiller took an assignment to the garrison in Ludwigsburg. He entered the Karlsschule Stuttgart an elite military academy founded by the Dukeinwhere he eventually studied medicine. During most of his short life, he suffered from illnesses that he tried to cure himself. While at the Karlsschule, Schiller read Rousseau and Goethe and discussed Classical ideals with his classmates.

At school, he wrote his freunr play, The Robberswhich dramatizes the conflict between two aristocratic brothers: The play’s critique sieffried social corruption and its affirmation of proto-revolutionary republican ideals astounded its original audience. Schiller became an overnight sensation. Later, Schiller would be made an honorary member of the French Republic because of this play. The play was inspired by Leisewitz’ earlier play Julius of Tarenta favourite of the young Schiller.


In rreund, he obtained a post as regimental doctor in Stuttgarta job he disliked. In order to attend the edr performance of The Robbers in MannheimSchiller left his regiment without permission.

As a result, he was arrested, sentenced to 14 days of imprisonment, and forbidden by Karl Eugen from publishing any further works. Along this journey he had an affair with an army officer’s wife Charlotte von Kalb. She was at the centre of an intellectual circle, and she was known for her cleverness and instability. Schiller needed help from his family and friends to extricate himself from his financial situation and attachment to a married woman.

Inlenx was appointed professor of History and Philosophy in Jenawhere he wrote only historical works. He was ennobled inthereby adding the honorific von to his name [11]. On 22 FebruarySchiller married Charlotte von Lengefeld — Schiller returned with his family to Weimar from Jena in Goethe convinced him to return to playwriting.

Friedrich Schiller – Wikipedia

He and Goethe founded the Weimar Theaterwhich became the leading theater in Germany. Their collaboration helped lead to a renaissance of drama in Germany. For his achievements, Schiller was ennobled in by the Duke of Saxe-Weimar, adding the nobiliary particle ” von ” to his name.

He remained in Weimar, Saxe-Weimar until his death at 45 from tuberculosis in regierumg On 3 Mayscientists announced that DNA tests have shown that the skull of ssiegfried skeleton is not Schiller’s, and his tomb is now vacant. The city of Stuttgart erected in a statue in his memory on a square renamed Schillerplatz. A Schiller monument was unveiled on Berlin’s Gendarmenmarkt in His image appeared on the German Rin Republic 10 Mark banknotes of the emission.

In SeptemberSchiller was voted by the audience of the TV channel Arte as the second most important playwright in Europe after William Shakespeare.

Ein Freund der Regierung by Siegfried Lenz | LibraryThing

Some Freemasons speculate that Schiller was a Freemasonbut this has not been proven. Inin his tenth letter about Don CarlosSchiller wrote:. I fdeund neither Illuminati nor Mason, but if the fraternization has a moral purpose in common with one another, and if this purpose for human society is the most important, No membership document has been found.

Schiller wrote many philosophical papers on ethics and aesthetics. There is general consensus among scholars that it makes sense to think of Schiller as a liberal[21] [22] [23] and he is frequently cited as a cosmopolitan thinker. Schiller is considered by most Germans to be Germany’s most important classical playwright.

Lamport and Eric Auerbach have noted his innovative use of dramatic structure and his creation of new forms, such as the melodrama and the bourgeois tragedy. What follows is a brief, chronological description of the plays. In a comment to Immanuel Kant ‘s philosophy, Schiller transcends the dualism between Formtrieb and Sinnestrieb with the notion of Spieltrieb “the play drive “derived from, as are a number of other terms, Kant’s Critique of the Faculty of Judgment.


The conflict between man’s material, sensuous nature and his capacity for reason Formtrieb being the drive to impose conceptual and moral order on the worldSchiller resolves with the happy union of Formtrieb and Sinnestriebthe “play drive,” which for him is synonymous with artistic beauty, or “living form.

In the second part of his important work Eros and CivilizationMarcuse finds Schiller’s notion of Spieltrieb useful in thinking a social situation without the condition of modern social alienation. He writes, “Schiller’s Letters Ludwig van Beethoven said that a great poem is more difficult to set to music than a merely good one because the composer must rise higher than the poet — “who can do that in the case of Schiller?

In this respect Goethe is much easier,” wrote Beethoven. There are relatively few famous musical settings of Schiller’s poems. The Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi admired Schiller greatly and adapted several of his stage plays for his operas: Tchaikovsky ‘s opera The Maid of Orleans is partly based on Schiller’s work.

The 20th-century composer Giselher Klebe adapted The Robbers for his first opera of the same namewhich premiered in Two dim and paltry torches that the raging storm And rain at any moment threaten to put out.

A vulgar coffin made of pine With not a wreath, not e’en the poorest, and no train — As if a crime were swiftly carried to the grave! The bearers hastened onward. One unknown alone, Round whom a mantle waved of wide eib noble fold, Followed this coffin. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For other uses, see Schiller disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Portrait of Schiller by Ludovike Simanowiz Charlotte von Lengefeld m. Poetry portal Biography portal. Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume German Writers in the Age of Goethe: Sturm und Drang to Classicism.

Retrieved 6 November The Works of Caroline von Wolzogen”. German Life and Letters.

Das Feuerschiff

The Myth of Disenchantment: Magic, Modernity, and the Birth of the Human Sciences. University of Chicago Press.

U of Minnesota Press. Drama, Thought and Politics. Ethics and World Politics. Between Ideals and Reality. Studies in the history of international legal theory and cosmopolitan ideas. University of Wales Press. Two Centuries of Reyierung.

John TrumbullSizer ed. Retrieved 20 November A Harvest of German Verse. New York and London: What is universal history and why does one study it? Wirtembergisches Repertorium Regierugn Die Horen.