May 23, 2020 0 Comments

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind is a non-fiction book by American psychologist Gary Marcus. A “kluge” is a patched-together. May 30, Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus pp, Faber, £ Why do I find it so difficult to remember a string. Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. Gary Marcus. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, pages, ISBN: (hbk); $

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Such engineering nightmares are, as Gary Marcus points out, the reverse of anything resembling intelligent design.

But he doesn’t pause to consider why there is a growing world-wide epidemic of psychic distress, why children are unhappy or why women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with depression as men. They see the brain as a little less imperfect than he does. Thanks for telling us about the problem.

As a psychologist, Marcus is intrigued by the fact that despite this awareness at least by those who understand that the concept of ideal human bodily perfection is an illusion it seems that we have yet to fully comprehend that this same type of ‘imperfection’ lies in what midn call the human brain, and so in our minds.

Marcus provides two examples: The Panda has no thumb, but it has a wrist bone it has more or less successfully evolved to use for the purpose. Yes, roses need water! On another level, his purpose in writing this book is to poke a hole in the arguments of starry-eyed evolutionary psychologists, who believe that every aspect of our psychology can be discovered to have an underlying adaptive basis.

Trial-and-error evolution

The title rhymes with ‘rouge’ or ‘scrooge’, and is slang for ‘a clumsy or inelegant solution to a problem’. In the chapter on choice, for example, he points out that we often make highly irrational decisions when it comes to money because our mind is basically trying to wing it with a system that was developed not to deal with money but rather with food.

At one level of his argument, Marcus is presenting all of these kluges as a way of showing how illogical it is to claim that our minds are the product of some “intelligent” designer, since clearly our minds, through their very flaws, reveal themselves to be an amalgam of tendencies that have their origins in different points in evolutionary time. Perhaps it isn’t biological evolution to be blamed here, but the injustices of the social order within which human biological evolution is occurring.


Gary Marcus, NYU professor of psychology, is intent on letting you know that your brain is not as rational as you think it is. Open Preview See a Problem? These are not ‘rules’ but suggestions. A long article stretched to a small book.

He would’ve given homo sapiens memory like a computer’s, what he min “postal code memory,” in which each memory is at a specific address in the brain. In Kludge, Gary Marcus highlights a number of design problems with the mind and explains the corresponding evolutionary reasons why these problems have arisen.

Where Marcus goes stupidly wrong is his claim that if God really designed man. What the reader gains, on the other hand, is wonderfully liberating and leads, naturally, to an kind of wisdom.

The basis of Marcus’ argument is that evolution was working with the tools at hand when it whipped up the more complex parts of our brain and that the result, while generally functional, is often far from optimal.

The individual replied, in essence, “How should I know? Strong general appeals are made within the book to logic and the idea that if there were a teleological goal in the creation of man and the human mind, according to the author, it would be klhge that such a purposeful design should have klute a better result. In other words, despite its reliability in certain aspects of information processing and retrieval, it is actually a mixture of complex areas which oftentimes seem to work together in an intertwined manner—rational decisions can be influenced with the subjective preferences of emotions.

Marcus klueg offers surprisingly effective ways to outwit our inner kluge, for the betterment of ourselves and society. Similar to Malcolm Gladwell’s Blink, Kluge gave me a bit of insight into how to combat the flaws in my brain’s design and to live more rationally.

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary F. Marcus

As a catalog of cognitive errors, this book is informative and fun. So when the book concludes with 13 tips on how to bypass our kluges and find “true wisdom”, one may be forgiven for thinking that the spirit of Samuel Smiles has taken over Marcus’s keyboard. A study where people were given a bunch of words that they were to unscramble into a sentence, and the words were things like ‘old’, ‘wise’, ‘Florida’, and ‘forgetful’.


Skeezer is a glork. Evolution sure has done some crazy things, but it sometimes seems to have a strange, all-knowing “mind” of its own. This is a really interesting book for anyone interested in psychology, evolution, or just plain good nonfiction writing.

I guess I went in to this book already agreeing with the author. As this book suggests, the human mind is a mixture of inconsistencies. All in all, I think an objective reader will glean a few nuggets and interesting facts, but the experience of this book will leave them a little flat.

But that’s hardly the point of this book. His account is class- gender- and culture-blind. The chapter on language is especially fascinating, the chapters that cover rationalizations and happiness are more squirm-inducing than otherwise.

In fact, they’re a “kluge” of different evolutionary developments, each overlaying on top of each other. Computers are designed, minds have evolved.

It’s better at weighing the pros and cons of a decision and thinking about how our choices affect us in the future. Conatruction and nature books reviews. He also recommends some ideas on how to get past these mind design failures. At the end, Marcus explains successfully how the science of evolutionary psychology roundly debunks intelligent design theory.

If all the above donstruction sounds heavy-handed and difficult and perhaps they are Marcus writes in a clear, compassionate, and illuminating way, using readily accessible language which no one would have difficulty understanding.

To view it, click here. This book focuses mainly on cognitive errors and what they tell us about the brain.