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Request PDF on ResearchGate | Database as Symbolic Form | After the novel, and Lev Manovich at University of California, San Diego. Manovich, “Database as Symbolic Form”. [Note: Numbers in square brackets refer to paragraphs.] Introduction []. Database (def.): a structured collection of . The Database Logic After the novel and subsequently, cinema privileged narrative as Why does new media favor database form over others? Lev Manovich.

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The most obvious examples of this are popular multimedia encyclopedias, which are collections by their very definition; as well as other commercial CD-ROM titles which are collections as well — of recipes, quotations, photographs, and so on. The overall structure of the film is quite complex, and on the first glance has little to do with a database. They do not form any order; Greenaway emphasizes this by having draftsman to work on a few drawings at once.

During editing the editor constructs a film narrative out of this database, creating a unique trajectory through the conceptual space of all possible films which could have been constructed. This is yet another example of how the logic of a computer — in this case, the ability of a computer to produce endless variations of elements and to act as a filter, transforming its input to yield a new output — becomes the logic of culture at large.

Paradigm is real, syntagm is virtual. Instead they presented the viewer with databases of effects.


Database is the correlation of the computer age fodm it becomes the center of the creative process in the computer age. His Man with a Movie Camera is perhaps the most important example of database imagination in modern media art.

Manovich, “Database as Symbolic Form”

Data creators have to collect data and organize it, or create it from scratch. Narrative is more or less explicit, like syntagmatic, whereas database is implicit, like a paradigm. Therefore, database and narrative are natural enemies. Competing to make meaning out of the world, database and narrative manovuch endless hybrids. Where datbaase database form really flourished, however, is on the Internet.

In the simplest case, the interface simply provides the access to the underlying database.

So, for example, ‘no’ and ‘in’ belong to the set of all words with only two letters. The narrative is constructed by linking elements of this database in a particular order, i.

What is the relationship between database and another form, which has traditionally dominated human culture — narrative? Other types of interactive interfaces make the paradigm even more explicit by presenting the user with an explicit symbolif of all available choices. Case Study of Habitrpg gami cation.

In contrast, a narrative creates a cause-and-effect trajectory of seemingly unordered items events. In fact, it can be compared to constructing a sentence in a natural language. It is always possible to add a new element to the list — all you have to do is to open a file and add a new line. In other words, she is selecting one trajectory from the paradigm of all trajectories which are defined. The rise of the Web, this gigantic and always changing data corpus, gave millions of people a new hobby or profession: However, database and narrative do not have the same status in computer culture.


Database the paradigm is given material existence, while narrative the syntagm is de-materialized. Only rare sites featured the original content. All this further contributes to the anti-narrative logic of the Web.

Database as Symbolic Form – Semantic Scholar

For instance, all nouns form a set; all synonyms of a particular word form another set. In parallel, much of the aesthetics of computerized visual culture is effects driven, especially when a new techno-genre computer animation, multimedia, Web sites is just getting established. One is modernist-MTV montage — two-dimensional juxtaposition mnaovich visual elements designed to shock due to its impossibility in reality.

Even more remarkable were films by John Witney, the pioneer of computer filmmaking.

Database as a Symbolic Form

A site of a major search engine is a collection of numerous links to other sites along with a search function, of course. Entertainment in the Cyber Zone. Throughout the design process new elements are added to the database; existing elements are modified. Class Collections publication Physical object.

I mean this both metaphorically and literally: